How do you prove that your rational faculties are reliable? What standards of evidence and proof are sufficient to establish a claim? What about the requirement that a claim must be falsifiable in order to be valid? Believe it or not these abstract, philosophical questions actually play an important – albeit usually silent – role in the dynamic and often combative conversations that take place between individuals and groups in our society. Let’s investigate how we can unpack several of these core questions of ideas in order to understand how to ask precise questions that almost all people are completely unprepared to address.